Difference between revisions of "2015 DOCK tutorial with Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)"
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For additional Rizzo Lab tutorials see [[DOCK Tutorials]]. Use this link [http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:Formatting Wiki Formatting] as a reference for editing the wiki. This tutorial was developed collaboratively by the AMS 536 class of
For additional Rizzo Lab tutorials see [[DOCK Tutorials]]. Use this link [http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:Formatting Wiki Formatting] as a reference for editing the wiki. This tutorial was developed collaboratively by the AMS 536 class of , using DOCK v6.6.
Revision as of 17:01, 15 February 2015
For additional Rizzo Lab tutorials see DOCK Tutorials. Use this link Wiki Formatting as a reference for editing the wiki. This tutorial was developed collaboratively by the AMS 536 class of 2014, using DOCK v6.6.
DOCK is a molecular docking program used in drug discovery. It was developed by Irwin D. Kuntz, Jr. and colleagues at UCSF (see UCSF DOCK). This program, given a protein binding site and a small molecule, tries to predict the correct binding mode of the small molecule in the binding site, and the associated binding energy. Small molecules with highly favorable binding energies could be new drug leads. This makes DOCK a valuable drug discovery tool. DOCK is typically used to screen massive libraries of millions of compounds against a protein to isolate potential drug leads. These leads are then further studied, and could eventually result in a new, marketable drug. DOCK works well as a screening procedure for generating leads, but is not currently as useful for optimization of those leads.
DOCK 6 uses an incremental construction algorithm called anchor and grow. It is described by a three-step process:
- Rigid portion of ligand (anchor) is docked by geometric methods.
- Non-rigid segments added in layers; energy minimized.
- The resulting configurations are 'pruned' and energy re-minimized, yielding the docked configurations.
Poly ADP Ribose Polymerase (PARP)
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a family of proteins involved in a number of cellular processes involving mainly DNA repair and programmed cell death. (Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poly_ADP_ribose_polymerase) The particular PARP family member we will focus on is PARP5b (aka: Tankyrase 2) of which the catalytic domains contains 227 amino acid residues.
Olaparib (AZD-2281, trade name Lynparza) is an FDA-approved chemotherapeutic agent, developed by KuDOS Pharmaceuticals and later by AstraZeneca. It is an inhibitor of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), an enzyme involved in DNA repair. It acts against cancers in people with hereditary BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, which includes many ovarian, breast, and prostate cancers. (Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olaparib)
While performing docking, it is convenient to adopt a standard directory structure / naming scheme, so that files are easy to find / identify. For this tutorial, we will use something similar to the following:
~username/AMS536/dock-tutorial/00.files/ /01.dockprep/ /02.surface-spheres/ /03.box-grid/ /04.dock/ /05.mini-virtual-screen/ /06.virtual-screen/
In addition, most of the important files that are derived from the original crystal structure will be given a prefix that is the same as the PDB code, '4TKG'. The following sections in this tutorial will adhere to this directory structure/naming scheme.