Scp files from cluster to NYBlue
This sets up ssh keypair authentication so that you can scp files between cluster.bnl.gov and fen.bluegene.bnl.gov. Note that the Blue Gene machine is behind an additional firewall so that NYBlue can connect to other machines at BNL, but other BNL machines cannot connect to NYBlue. Therefore all scp commands must be issued from NYBlue and not from cluster. Follow the steps below.
Generate an SSH key pair for cluster
Log into fen.bluegene.bnl.gov. Generate an SSH key pair to authenticate cluster.
ssh-keygen -q -b 2048 -t rsa -f ~/.ssh/cluster
When prompted for a password, hit return to specify no passphrase. This will create a 2048-bit RSA key pair in your '.ssh' directory, one public (named 'cluster.pub') and one private (named 'cluster').
Install public key on cluster
Copy your public key to cluster.bnl.gov
scp ~/.ssh/cluster.pub cluster.bnl.gov:~/.ssh
Now log into cluster.bnl.gov as usual with your Active Directory password. Append the public to to your authorized_keys files.
ssh cluster.bnl.gov cd .ssh cat cluster.pub >> authorized_keys
Note: Make sure that your authorized_keys file does not already contain a public key from cluster. If so, delete that line in the file and add the new public key instead.
Logging in to cluster with your key
Log out of cluster back to fen.bluegene. Now try logging back into cluster using the following command:
exit ssh -i ~/.ssh/cluster cluster.bnl.gov exit
After the '-i' option you provide the path to your private key file. This command will log you into cluster without a password. This sets up your passwordless login.
Create an ssh config file on fen
cd .ssh vi config
Create the file called "config" in your .ssh folder.
Host cluster.bnl.gov cluster User username Hostname cluster.bnl.gov Protocol 2 StrictHostKeyChecking no
Replace username with your own username. Change permissions of the "config" file to be -rw-r--r--
chmod 644 config
You can now log in to cluster from fen with just
You can now copy files from fen to cluster as
scp file.mol2 cluster:/path/in/cluster
You can also copy files from cluster using
scp cluster:/path/in/cluster/file.txt /path/in/fen
To copy multiple files with wildcards you have to escape the * with a \
scp cluster:/path1/file.\* cluster:/path2/file2 /path/in/fen
If you copy the file without specifying a path, it will be saved in the home directory on seawulf. Every time you copy a file, the cluster login notice will print. Note that you use CTRL-D to autocomplete pathnames on cluster even when using scp on fen. However, this is slow and will cause the cluster login notice to print every time. For transferring a large number of files, consider using rsync.